डॉ. अनिल काकोडकर
Dr. Anil Kakodkar (born on 11th November, 1943) joined the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in 1964, following the one year post graduate Training with top rank in Nuclear Science and Technology in the then Atomic Energy Establishment. He became the Director of BARC in the year 1996 and was the Chairman, Atomic Energy Commission and Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Atomic Energy, during the years 2000 -2009.He was DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor during Jan. 2010-Jan. 2015 and INAE Satish Dhawan Chair of Engineering Eminence during Jan. 2015 to Jan. 2017.
Kakodkar obtained his BE (Mech. Engineering) degree from the Bombay University in 1963 and M.Sc. in the Experimental Stress Analysis from the Nottingham University in 1969.
Kakodkar has worked for the development of the atomic energy programme in India throughout his professional life. Focus of his work has been on self-reliant development of nuclear reactor systems to address the Indian programme requirements. Undeterred by the restrictions imposed by the international community, he succeeded in developing various systems for the pressurized heavy water reactor, in building the Dhruva reactor starting from the conceptual stage, in rehabilitation of Madras Atomic Power Station Units 1&2 both of which at one stage appeared to be on the verge of being written off following failure of the moderator inlet manifolds, in conceptualization and development of Advanced Heavy Water Reactor that realizes the next generation objectives through innovative configuration of present day technologies besides use of thorium and such other technology systems. Utilisation of our vast Thorium resources for energy production has received special attention under Kakodkar’s leadership. He has created a roadmap for shaping the third stage of India’s nuclear power programme aimed at tapping vast energy potential of our thorium resources not only as source for electricity production but also as a primary source for other forms of energy use. A number of new technology areas such as accelerator driven systems, high temperature reactors, materials and recycle technology etc. have been nucleated for this purpose. Kakodkar continues to be actively involved in programmes related to augmentation of Thorium utilisation in our nuclear power programme and for development of non-fossil primary energy sources for meeting our overall energy needs.
Kakodkar has been a key contributor to India’s strategic programme. He was amongst the chosen few involved in the first successful Peaceful Nuclear Explosion Experiment that India conducted on May 18, 1974 at Pokhran. And later, he played a key role in the series of successful Nuclear Tests conducted during May 1998, again at Pokhran. India also demonstrated nuclear submarine powerpack technology under Kakodkar’s leadership.
Kakodkar’s sterling leadership led to a significant boost to India’s nuclear power programme notwithstanding the uranium supply constraints. What made this possible was him paying attention to a range of issues : augmentation of uranium exploration and mining activities, reconfiguration of power reactor cores to produce considerably larger energy output with the available uranium, relaxation of nuclear supply group (NSG) restrictions which opened doors to international nuclear trade, initiation of the second stage of India’s nuclear power programme through commencement of prototype fast breeder reactor (PFBR) project along with the associated fuel recycle facility and creation of the Nuclear Recycle Board. As a result, India’s nuclear generation capacity is well poised for a rapid scale up. The comprehensive and robust programme under Kakodkar’s leadership has earned India a distinctive status as a country with advanced nuclear technology.
Kakodkar championed observer status for India at CERN (European Centre for Nuclear Research), partnership in the ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) project and exemption for nuclear trade from Nuclear Supplier’s Group (NSG) besides several international cooperation agreements in the area of nuclear power, acquisition of Uranium and nuclear research.
There is hardly any aspect of India’s atomic energy programme that has not seen a significant impact of Kakodkar’s leadership. The deployment of technologies for better quality of life of our people has received considerable boost under Kakodkar’s leadership. Besides energy these cover radiation processing of food and agro-products, agriculture with emphasis on oilseeds and pulses, healthcare particularly related to cancer, urban and rural waste management and desalination of water.
Notable also are his innovative contributions to human resource development activities. Establishment of NISER (National Institute of Science Education and Research), DAE-Mumbai University CBS (Centre for Basic Sciences) and HBNI (Homi Bhabha National Institute) are expected to result in a fresh wave of human resource development, generating greater experimental capabilities and bringing in linkage between basic research and technology development for the acceleration of India’s multifaceted atomic energy programme. Other initiatives of Kakodkar include new centres for research at Vishakhapattanam, Hyderabad, Kolkatta and Bangalore.
He has, over the years, built competent teams of highly specialised scientists and engineers in the reactor engineering programme. He has brought out more than 250 scientific papers and reports on various aspects of his work.
A committee under his Chairmanship has worked out a detailed report for greater autonomy of IITs and taking them to world class level. He also chaired an Empowered Committee to implement the recommendations made. Another Committee led by him has carried similar exercise in the context of NITs. He also led a committee set up by Government of Maharashtra to look at higher education in the State. The committee has made important recommendations that could lead to a paradigm change for improvement of higher education in the State.
Another high level committee under his Chairmanship has made comprehensive recommendations for improvement of safety on Indian Railway. A TIFAC apex group led by him has brought out a Technology Vision 2035. The document was released by Hon. Prime Minister of India during the Science Congress on January 3, 2016.
Kakodkar was Chairman, Solar Energy Corporation in its formative stage. He was also Chairman of Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics ( IUCAA ) during 2006 -- 2012 , Chairman, Governing Board, Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi, and Chairman, Board of Governors of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay during 2006-2015.
Dr. Kakodkar presently devotes his time primarily on issues related to energy, education and societal development. He has been propagating the concept of CILLAGE, a knowledge based ecosystem for bridging city and village gaps for technology enabled sustainable development in rural areas.
MAJOR NATIONAL HONORS & AWARDS
- Hari Om Ashram Prerit Vikram Sarabhai Award – 1988
- MRSI – ICSC Superconductivity & Materials Science Annual Prize – 1997
- HK Firodia Award for Excellence in Science & Technology – 1997
- FICCI Award for outstanding contribution to nuclear engg. & technology - 1997-98
- ANACON – Life Time Achievement Award for Nuclear Sciences – 1998
- NAFEN's Excellence Award (Best R & D Man) – 1998
- The Indian Science Congress Association – HJ Bhabha Memorial Award – 1999-2000
- Shriram Scientific & Industrial Research Foundation Golden Jubilee Award for Outstanding contributions to Indian technology – 2000
- Godavari Gaurav Award – 2000
- National Citizen’s Award – 2001
- Chemtech Foundation Achiever of the year Award for energy – 2002
- GM Modi Innovative Science & Technology Award – 2004
- Rotary’s Vocational Excellence Award – 2006
- INAE Lifetime contribution Award in Engineering – 2006
- General President’s Award, Indian Science Congress – 2007
- Ram Mohan Mission’s Ram Mohan Puraskar – 2007
- Yeshwantrao Chavan Prathishtan’s Science & Technology Award – 2007
- South Indian Education Society’s Shri Chandrasekarendra Saraswathi National Eminence Award for Science & Technology – 2007
- Lakshmipat Singhania – IIM Lucknow National Leadership Award – 2007
- Maharashtra Bhushan Award of the Maharashtra Times – 2008
- Maharashtra Academy of Engineering and Educational Research’s Bharat Asmita Shreshtatva Award – 2009
- Indian Physics Association’s M.M. Chugani Memorial Award – 2009
- Tejas Puraskar –Lokamanya Tilak Vyakhyanmala – Dombivali-2009
- INS Homi Bhabha Life Time Achievement Award – 2009
- Suryadatta Lifetime Achievement Award – 2010
- Dr. ASG Jayakar Award, Science India Forum Oman – 2010S
- watantryaveer Savarkar Vidnyan Puraskar – 2010
- 'Maharashtra Ratna' (Zee 24 Taas & DNA) – 2010
- Priyadarshini Academy's Global Award – 2010
- Wartsila Mantosh Sondhi Award – 2010
- Jeevan Sadhana Gaurav of Pune University – 2011
- Maharashtra Industrial & Economic Development Association "Y.B. Chavan Memorial Awards for Excellence" – 2011
- Outstanding Konkani Award, Dr. T.M.A. Pai Foundation, Manipal – 2011
- Visionary of India Award” by D.Y. Patil Annual Achievers Awards – 2011
- Annasaheb Chirmule Charitable Trust "Chirmule Puraskar" – 2012
- India Energy Forum Honour April 2012
- Deepak Rathod Smriti Rashtriya Vignyan Sanchar Puraskar – 2012
- Distinguished Academician Award, IIT Patna, 2012
- Shivanand Eminent Citizen Award 2012
- Special Honor by 'Saraswat Chaitanya' April 2013
- 'Maharashtrache Manakari' Sanman by CBD foundation 2013
- Shrimant Malojiraje Smruti Puraskar 2013
- Hari Om Ashram Senior Scientist Award-2012,
- PRL Ahmedabad Kriyasheel Global Award 2012
- Sadguru Mangeshda Kriya Yoga Foundation Amar Shahid Chandrashekhar Azad Rashtriya Sanman- 2011-12,
- Govt. of Madhya PradeshCouncil of Power Utilities - Lifetime Achievement Award 2013
- Annasaheb Shinde Smruti Puraskar – 2013
- Krutadnyata Puraskar -2013
- Yeshwant Samajik Pratishthan“Lakshya” Distinguished Leader Award - NITIE – 2014
- “Pride of Maharashtra” award by Maharashtra Industrial and Economic Development Association, 2015
- Eminent Engineer Award 2015 by Engineering Council of India
- G files Governance Award for Lifetime Achievement 2015
- "Sir M. S. Gosavi Excellence award 2016” of Gokhale Education Society, Nashik
- "Lifetime achievement award” by Union Bank of India November 2016
- “Saraswat Bhushan” by Saraswat Brahman Samaj 2017
- “Raosaheb Shinde Smruti Award” 2017
- IMC Juran Quality Medal 2016 by IMC Chamber of Commerce and Industry First
- "Padmabhushan Dr. Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil National Award" 2017 by Rayat Shikshan Sanstha, Satara Lifetime achievement award at India News Madhya Pradesh Gaurav Awards function -- April 2018
- Dr. Narendra Dhabolkar Smruti Samajik Puraskar 2018
- Lt. Dr. Mohan Dharia Rashtra Nirman Puraskar 2019 by Vanarai trust